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[原创] “玩板”+在STM32F7DISC上重玩micropython(2)

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 楼主| 发表于 2020-2-17 14:01 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 dcexpert 于 2020-2-17 15:23 编辑

随机画线测试

 

def test_rand_line(n = 5000, delay = 1):
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(24)
    lcd.set_text_color(255,255,128,0)
    lcd.display_string_at(0, 0, 'line test' ,0)
    sleep_ms(1000)
    t0 = ticks_ms()
    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFF), rand(0xFFFFFF))
        lcd.draw_line(rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y), rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y))
        sleep_ms(delay)
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

 

P00217-145551.gif



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发表于 2020-2-17 14:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 dcexpert 于 2020-2-17 15:48 编辑

写入了新固件,就可以体验LCD和触摸屏了,带触摸功能的大屏,是STM32F7DISC的一大特点,当年多少人为此着迷,这也是这次重新用它的主要原因。

 

先测试LCD,首先需要载入 lcdF7D库,然后才能使用lcd功能。

 

import lcdF7D as lcd

 

其次需要对lcd进行初始化

 

lcd.init()

 

然后就可以进行画线、画圆等操作了。下面是几个主要函数用法:

 

  • clear(color),用颜色color清除整个屏幕
    颜色的定义为
    • 如果是空,使用set_text_color中定义的颜色
    • 如果是一个数字,以0xRRGGBB方式
    • 如果是两个数字,第一个代表Alpha,第二个数字同上
    • 如果是3个数字,分别代表R、G、B分量,Alpha固定为255
    • 如果是4个数字,分别代表A、R、G、B
  • set_text_color(color),设置前景颜色
  • set_back_color(color),设置背景颜色
  • draw_line(x1, y1, x2, y2),画直线
  • draw_Hline(x, y, len),画水平线
  • draw_Vline(x, y, len),画垂直线
  • draw_rect(x1, y1, x2, y2),画空心矩形
  • fill_rect(x1, y1, x2, y2),画实心矩形
  • draw_circle(x, y, r),画圆
  • set_font(n),设置字体大小,有效大小是8/12/16/20/24
  • display_char(x, y, asc),在x,y处显示字符
  • display_string_at(x, y, string, mode),显示字符串

 

完整的测试程序

 

from time import sleep_ms, ticks_ms, ticks_diff
import pyb, machine
from random import randrange as rand

import lcdF7D as lcd
import tchF7D as ts

MAX_X = 480
MAX_Y = 272

lcd.init()

ts.init(MAX_X, MAX_Y)


def test_rand_line(n = 5000, delay = 1):
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(24)
    lcd.set_text_color(255,255,128,0)
    lcd.display_string_at(0, 0, 'line test' ,0)
    sleep_ms(1000)
    t0 = ticks_ms()
    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFF), rand(0xFFFFFF))
        lcd.draw_line(rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y), rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y))
        sleep_ms(delay)
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

def test_rand_rect(n = 2000, delay = 1):
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(24)
    lcd.set_text_color(255,255,128,0)
    lcd.display_string_at(0, 0, 'rect test' ,0)
    sleep_ms(1000)
    t0 = ticks_ms()
    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFF), rand(0xFFFFFF))
        x, y = rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y)
        lcd.draw_rect(x, y, rand(MAX_X - x), rand(MAX_Y - y))
        sleep_ms(delay)
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

def test_rand_fillrect(n = 2000, delay = 1):
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(24)
    lcd.set_text_color(255,255,128,0)
    lcd.display_string_at(0, 0, 'fill rect test' ,0)
    sleep_ms(1000)
    t0 = ticks_ms()
    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFF), rand(0xFFFFFF))
        x, y = rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y)
        lcd.fill_rect(x, y, rand(MAX_X - x), rand(MAX_Y - y))
        sleep_ms(delay)
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

def test_gradient(c1=0, c2=0xff, dir=0):
    def cr(x1, x2, i, n):
        return int(x1 + i*(x2-x1)/n)

    r1, g1, b1 = c1>>16, (c1>>8)%256, c1%256
    r2, g2, b2 = c2>>16, (c2>>8)%256, c2%256
    if dir == 0:
        for i in range(MAX_X):
            r = cr(r1, r2, i, MAX_X)
            g = cr(g1, g2, i, MAX_X)
            b = cr(b1, b2, i, MAX_X)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Vline(i, 0, MAX_Y)
    elif dir == 1:
        for i in range(MAX_Y):
            r = cr(r1, r2, i, MAX_Y)
            g = cr(g1, g2, i, MAX_Y)
            b = cr(b1, b2, i, MAX_Y)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Hline(0, i, MAX_X)
    elif dir == 2:
        for i in range(MAX_X):
            r = cr(r2, r1, i, MAX_X)
            g = cr(g2, g1, i, MAX_X)
            b = cr(b2, b1, i, MAX_X)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Vline(i, 0, MAX_Y)    
    else:
        for i in range(MAX_Y):
            r = cr(r2, r1, i, MAX_Y)
            g = cr(g2, g1, i, MAX_Y)
            b = cr(b2, b1, i, MAX_Y)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Hline(0, i, MAX_X)

def test_rand_char(n = 2000, font = 12, delay = 1):
    if font > 20: _w, _h = 17, 24, 
    elif font > 16: _w, _h = 14, 20
    elif font > 12: _w, _h = 11, 16
    elif font > 8: _w, _h = 7, 12
    else: _w, _h = 5, 8

    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(_h)
    mx, my = MAX_X//_w, MAX_Y//_h

    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFFFFFF))
        lcd.display_char(rand(mx) * _w, rand(my) * _h, rand(95)+32)
        sleep_ms(delay)

def test_rand_pchar(n = 2000, font = 12, delay = 5):
    if font > 20: _w, _h = 17, 24, 
    elif font > 16: _w, _h = 14, 20
    elif font > 12: _w, _h = 11, 16
    elif font > 8: _w, _h = 7, 12
    else: _w, _h = 5, 8

    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(_h)
    mx, my = MAX_X//_w, MAX_Y//_h
    px, py = 0, 0

    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFFFFFF))
        lcd.display_char(px * _w, py * _h, rand(95)+32)
        px += 1
        if px >= mx:
            px, py = 0, py + 1
            if py >= my:
                py = my - 1
                lcd.scroll(0, -_h)
                lcd.set_text_color(0)
                lcd.fill_rect(0, MAX_Y - _h, MAX_X-1, MAX_Y-1)
        sleep_ms(delay)

def test_rand_gradient(n = 20, delay = 500):
    for i in range(n):
        test_gradient(rand(0xFFFFFF), rand(0xFFFFFF), rand(4))
        sleep_ms(delay)

MAX_ITER = 60
pal = [i%256 for i in range(MAX_ITER)]

def test_mandelbrot(x0 = -2.5, y0 = -2, x1 = 1.5, y1 = 2, ITER = MAX_ITER, RandPAL = 1):
    def calc(c):
        z = 0
        for i in range(ITER):
            z = z * z + c
            if abs(z) > 4:
                return i
        return ITER-1

    if RandPAL:
        global pal
        pal = [rand(0xFFFFFF) for i in range(MAX_ITER)]
    
    lcd.clear(0)

    t0 = ticks_ms()
    dx = (x1 - x0)/MAX_X
    dy = (y1 - y0)/MAX_Y

    for ix in range(MAX_X):
        for iy in range(MAX_Y):
            z = x0 + dx * ix + (y0 + dy * iy) * 1j
            c = calc(z)
            lcd.draw_pixel(ix, iy, pal[c%ITER])
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

def test_fast_mandelbrot(x0 = -2.5, y0 = -2, x1 = 1.5, y1 = 2, ITER = MAX_ITER, RandPAL = 1):
    def calc(c):
        z = 0
        for i in range(ITER):
            z = z * z + c
            if abs(z) > 4:
                return i
        return ITER-1

    if RandPAL:
        global pal
        pal = [rand(0xFFFFFF) for i in range(MAX_ITER)]
    
    lcd.clear(0)

    t0 = ticks_ms()
    dx = (x1 - x0)/MAX_X
    dy = (y1 - y0)/MAX_Y
    c = [0]*16

    for ix in range(MAX_X//4):
        for iy in range(MAX_Y//4):
            c = [0]*16
            z = x0 + dx * ix * 4 + (y0 + dy * iy * 4) * 1j
            c[0] = calc(z)
            c[3] = calc(z + dx*3)
            c[12] = calc(z + dy*3j)
            c[15] = calc(z + dx*3 + dy*3j)
            if c[0] == c[3] and c[0] == c[12] and c[0] == c[15]:
                lcd.set_text_color(pal[c[0]%ITER])
                lcd.fill_rect(ix*4, iy*4, 4, 4)
            else:
                for i in range(16):
                    if c == 0:
                        c = calc(z + dx*(i%4) + dy*(i//4)*1j)
                    lcd.draw_pixel(ix*4+(i%4), iy*4+(i//4), pal[c%ITER])
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)
            
def lcd_test():
    test_rand_line()
    test_rand_rect()
    test_rand_fillrect()
    test_rand_gradient()
    test_rand_char(font = 8)
    test_rand_char(font = 12)
    test_rand_char(font = 16)
    test_rand_char(font = 20)
    test_rand_char(font = 24)
    test_rand_pchar(font = rand(32))

lcd_test()
test_fast_mandelbrot()

 

 

注意事项

  • 注意画图时不要超出屏幕范围,否则可能引起缓冲区溢出造成问题,甚至系统复位
  • Alpha通道不能直接叠加到以前的图像上。


此内容由EEWORLD论坛网友dcexpert原创,如需转载或用于商业用途需征得作者同意并注明出处
 



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 楼主| 发表于 2020-2-17 14:06 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 dcexpert 于 2020-2-17 15:27 编辑

矩形显示测试

 

def test_rand_rect(n = 2000, delay = 1):
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(24)
    lcd.set_text_color(255,255,128,0)
    lcd.display_string_at(0, 0, 'rect test' ,0)
    sleep_ms(1000)
    t0 = ticks_ms()
    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFF), rand(0xFFFFFF))
        x, y = rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y)
        lcd.draw_rect(x, y, rand(MAX_X - x), rand(MAX_Y - y))
        sleep_ms(delay)
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

def test_rand_fillrect(n = 2000, delay = 1):
    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(24)
    lcd.set_text_color(255,255,128,0)
    lcd.display_string_at(0, 0, 'fill rect test' ,0)
    sleep_ms(1000)
    t0 = ticks_ms()
    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFF), rand(0xFFFFFF))
        x, y = rand(MAX_X), rand(MAX_Y)
        lcd.fill_rect(x, y, rand(MAX_X - x), rand(MAX_Y - y))
        sleep_ms(delay)
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

 

P00217-145718.gif  
P00217-145806.gif

 



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 楼主| 发表于 2020-2-17 14:08 | 显示全部楼层

背景渐变显示测试,计算两种颜色的渐变颜色,然后使用draw_Hline或draw_Vline画线填充屏幕

 

def test_gradient(c1=0, c2=0xff, dir=0):
    def cr(x1, x2, i, n):
        return int(x1 + i*(x2-x1)/n)

    r1, g1, b1 = c1>>16, (c1>>8)%256, c1%256
    r2, g2, b2 = c2>>16, (c2>>8)%256, c2%256
    if dir == 0:
        for i in range(MAX_X):
            r = cr(r1, r2, i, MAX_X)
            g = cr(g1, g2, i, MAX_X)
            b = cr(b1, b2, i, MAX_X)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Vline(i, 0, MAX_Y)
    elif dir == 1:
        for i in range(MAX_Y):
            r = cr(r1, r2, i, MAX_Y)
            g = cr(g1, g2, i, MAX_Y)
            b = cr(b1, b2, i, MAX_Y)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Hline(0, i, MAX_X)
    elif dir == 2:
        for i in range(MAX_X):
            r = cr(r2, r1, i, MAX_X)
            g = cr(g2, g1, i, MAX_X)
            b = cr(b2, b1, i, MAX_X)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Vline(i, 0, MAX_Y)    
    else:
        for i in range(MAX_Y):
            r = cr(r2, r1, i, MAX_Y)
            g = cr(g2, g1, i, MAX_Y)
            b = cr(b2, b1, i, MAX_Y)
            lcd.set_text_color(r, g, b)
            lcd.draw_Hline(0, i, MAX_X)

 

图片待补充



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 楼主| 发表于 2020-2-17 15:31 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 dcexpert 于 2020-2-17 15:48 编辑

随机显示字符,可以选择不同大小字体

 

def test_rand_char(n = 2000, font = 12, delay = 1):
    if font > 20: _w, _h = 17, 24, 
    elif font > 16: _w, _h = 14, 20
    elif font > 12: _w, _h = 11, 16
    elif font > 8: _w, _h = 7, 12
    else: _w, _h = 5, 8

    lcd.clear()
    lcd.set_font(_h)
    mx, my = MAX_X//_w, MAX_Y//_h

    for i in range(n):
        lcd.set_text_color(rand(0xFFFFFF))
        lcd.display_char(rand(mx) * _w, rand(my) * _h, rand(95)+32)
        sleep_ms(delay)

 

P00217-150207.gif

P00217-150326.gif



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 楼主| 发表于 2020-2-17 15:46 | 显示全部楼层

显示曼德不罗特集(mandelbrot set)

 

def test_fast_mandelbrot(x0 = -2.5, y0 = -2, x1 = 1.5, y1 = 2, ITER = MAX_ITER, RandPAL = 1):
    def calc(c):
        z = 0
        for i in range(ITER):
            z = z * z + c
            if abs(z) > 4:
                return i
        return ITER-1

    if RandPAL:
        global pal
        pal = [rand(0xFFFFFF) for i in range(MAX_ITER)]
    
    lcd.clear(0)

    t0 = ticks_ms()
    dx = (x1 - x0)/MAX_X
    dy = (y1 - y0)/MAX_Y
    c = [0]*16

    for ix in range(MAX_X//4):
        for iy in range(MAX_Y//4):
            c = [0]*16
            z = x0 + dx * ix * 4 + (y0 + dy * iy * 4) * 1j
            c[0] = calc(z)
            c[3] = calc(z + dx*3)
            c[12] = calc(z + dy*3j)
            c[15] = calc(z + dx*3 + dy*3j)
            if c[0] == c[3] and c[0] == c[12] and c[0] == c[15]:
                lcd.set_text_color(pal[c[0]%ITER])
                lcd.fill_rect(ix*4, iy*4, 4, 4)
            else:
                for i in range(16):
                    if c == 0:
                        c = calc(z + dx*(i%4) + dy*(i//4)*1j)
                    lcd.draw_pixel(ix*4+(i%4), iy*4+(i//4), pal[c%ITER])
    return ticks_diff(ticks_ms(), t0)

 

 

P00217-150629.gif



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